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SATCOM (satellite communications) technologies have accomplished incredible breakthrough efficiencies and increases in performance in half a century.
The public may not be aware of this because the gains in satellite technology have been dwarfed to some extent by even larger gains achieved in other IT and telecommunications systems.
Like so much of contemporary technology, today’s satellites are digital-driven with specialized software defining how they perform and guiding their communications capabilities.
So it is reasonable to anticipate continuing gains in intelligent space communication systems as well as advances in digital communications and overall processing power.
Essentially, satellites are relay stations in space for the transmission of voice, video and data communications.
They are ideally suited to meet the global communications requirements of military, government and commercial organizations because they provide economical, scalable and highly reliable transmission services that easily reach multiple sites over vast geographic areas.
Transmissions via satellite communications systems can bypass the existing ground-based infrastructure, which is often limited and unreliable in many parts of the world.
Coverage and power are the most important considerations in satellite design. Transponders play a particularly key role. These are multiple channels that provide bandwidth and power over designated radio frequencies. The amount of information that can be transmitted through the transponder is dependent on the transponder’s bandwidth and power.
Satellite antennas then direct the transponder’s signal over certain geographic areas.
The satellite’s functional versatility is embedded within its technical components and its operations characteristics. A typical satellite has two modules:
- The bus module
- The communication payload
Launching a satellite 22,000 miles into space orbit is an amazing technological feat – keeping it there requires more advanced systems engineering.
Nearly all missions, whether they be military, civil or commercial, use space ground systems for both launch and on-orbit operations.
SATCOM Training Courses by Tonex
SATCOM training courses keep individuals in the satellite communications industry up-to-date on the latest trends. As technology continues to evolve, especially when it comes to voice and data telecommunications, it’s imperative that employees acquire ongoing training that reflects the latest market trends. Tonex offers high-quality satellite communications training for small businesses, Fortune 500 companies and government agencies. There are many factors that set Tonex apart from other training agencies, making our team a top choice for companies such as DoD, MoD, JMOD, Intelsat, Thuraya, Inmarsat, NATO, NASA, NATO, McAfee Inc. AT&T, Vodafone, Verizon, Print and NTTDoCoMo.
Tonex is the Leader in the SATCOM Training since 1993! We have provided Satellite Communications Training since 1992!
Benefits of SATCOM Training
SATCOM Training provides an introduction to communications satellite technologies, services, orbital mechanics to satellite design and launch, configuration and installation of earth stations, the implementation of communications links, the set-up of the satellite network, the capabilities, and limitations of current satellites.
Satellite Communications Training, why Tonex?
Satellite Communications training course by Tonex provides the attendees with an in-depth background of satellite communication techniques as well as a state of the art update on key emerging technologies and future systems. Satellite Communications Training addresses all important aspects of the subject, including traffic, multiple-access techniques, link budgets, the spacecraft bus and the orbits.
Basic SATCOM Training Course, 2-Day Version
Who Should Attend
Professionals and managers who are new to the SATCOM industry, and who want to have a clear understanding of basic satellite communications.
After completing this 2-day course, attendees will be able to:
- Explain the basics of Satellite Communications (SATCOM)
- Understand new SATCOM services and features
- Understand modern satellite system design , multiple access, modulation and coding schemes
- Understand orbital aspects
- Step through propagation aspects and antennas
- Investigate the state of the art in new areas such as speech and video coding, satellite networking and satellite personal communications
- Understand satellites subsystem & launching
- Understand satellite link design and analysis
- Define Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSAT)
- Understand Non-geosynchronous systems (NGSO)
- Explore GPS & Mobile Systems (Voice, Data and Video)
- Explain Internet Applications (GEO/ NGSO options)
- Explore the SATCOM trends
Satellite communications systems Design
- Basic Components
- Power Generation
- Air Interfacing and Networking
- Basic Link Engineering
- Satellite Systems Planning
- Link Budgets
- Multiple Access Techniques
- Propagation Interference and Regulation
- Payload Engineering
- Spacecraft Engineering and Operations
- Earth Station Engineering
- Modulation and Modems
- Mobile and Satellite PCN
- Military Satellite Communications
- Internet Service Provision over Satellite
- VSATs Networks and Services
- Satellite Navigation and Positioning
- Satellite Broadcasting
- Space network architectures
- Orbit types: GEO, LEO, MEO, HEO
- Modulation, Coding, Interleaving
- Free space propagation
- Link budgets for single link and multiple links
- Effects of the propagation delay
- Echo suppressors and echo cancelers
- Spectrum allocations for satellite systems
- Multiple Access techniques: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, OFDM
- VoIP Problems over Satellite
- Video over IP
- 5G and SATCOM
- ITU-T IMT-2000
- ITU-T IMT-2020
Link Design, Modulation and Antennas
- Satellite systems planning
- Basic transmission principles
- Key parameters: EIRP G/T, SFD, Input/Output Backoff, C/No, Eb/No
- Typical link budget, link margin and availability
- Digital VSAT
- Modulation systems (QPSK, OQPSK, MSK, 8PSK, and 16 QAM)
- Basic aperture antenna definitions and relationships
- Typical antenna configurations for satellite communications
Propagation and Interference
- Radio noise
- Ionospheric effects
- Tropospheric effects
- Interference between satellite networks
- Interference with terrestrial networks
Satellite Access Techniques
- Network architectures
- Traffic multiplexing
- Multiple access, and assignments strategies
- Frequency-division multiple access (FDMA)
- TDMA, CDMA and OFDM
- Modulation and modems
- Introduction to modulation
- Channel characteristics
Satellite Engineering for Communications Satellites
- Satellite orbits
- Satellite design
- Future large geostationary mobile communications satellites
- Launch vehicles
- Commercial satellite programs
- Payload Engineering
System Architecture of Satellite Communications Payloads
- Requirement analysis of the satellite payload
- Assessment techniques for performance of all major building blocks
- System architecture and the capabilities of ground segment elements
- Hubs and remote terminals
- Payload integration with the constellation and end-to-end systems
- Repeaters, antenna system, and tracking systems
- Critical subsystem and system design concepts
- Power budget, loss, group delay, digital impairments, cross-polarization, adjacent satellite and channel interference
- Payload specifications and design
- System and service requirements
- Characteristics of payload components
- Antennas, LNAs, microwave filters, channel and power amplifiers, and power combiners
- Space and ground architecture
- Evaluating on-board processing and multiple beam antennas
- End-to-end performance evaluation
- Design principles and performance budgets
- System elements performance for receivers, phased-array antennas, multiplexers, amplifiers, analog and digital processors, reflector, feeds and other passive and active components
- Spurious signals
- IM (Inter-modulation) distortion levels
- Phase noise
- RF interferences
- Bit Error Rate (BER)
Evolution of communications Payload Technologies
- Payload architecture
- Payload design techniques
- Analog “bent-pipe”
- Digital on-board processing repeaters
- Single transmission, under the same coverage beam
- Bent-pipe payload types
- Frequency translation and signal amplification
“transparency” or “waveform-free design”
- Inefficient bandwidth utilization
- Poor BER performance
- Push factors
- Digital Processor-based
Mobile Satellite Communications
- Frequency allocations
- Regional systems
- Example of Current Networks
Satellite Personal Communication Networks
- Introduction and overview
- Wireless mobile radio systems
- Second-generation systems
- Third-generation systems
- Fourth-generation systems
- Fifth-generation systems
- Fundamentals of time ranging
- System description of GP
- Service Provisions and Quality for Analog/Digital
- Television and audio broadcasting
- Satellite Phones
- Voice and Video over IP
- Real-time audio, video and data
- VPN services
- Activity Based Intelligence (ABI)
SATCOM 101 Learn about basics of Satellite Systems Satellites function as a cell or microwave tower in the sky, transmitting data from one point on the Earth to another
Learn about unique attributes of satellite systems:
- Large Geographic Coverage interconnecting widely distributed networks, providing broadcasting services over a country, region, or entire hemisphere “last mile” connectivity for telecom services, broadband and video services
- Instant infrastructure, whether for network redundancy or emergency connectivity
- Mobility, whether for voice, data or broadband or mobile video
Learn about Satellites in the World’s Communications Industry
- Commercial satellites are an essential component of the global communications infrastructure
- Satellites carry the world’s media content around the globe
- Satellites deliver television, radio and broadband services directly to consumers
- Satellites offer mobile and portable voice, data and video globally
- Satellite networks link businesses among widely-dispersed locations
- Satellites provide connectivity and network restoration for remote and rural telecommunications operators
- Satellites are critical to disaster recovery and emergency preparedness
- Satellites provide critical communications and network restoration services following natural disasters
- The satellite industry is a subset of both the telecommunications and space industries
- Satellite industry revenues represent 61% of space industry revenues and 4% of telecommunications industry revenues
Learn about Key Satellite Network Elements
- Space Segment – Satellite, in geostationary orbit, middle earth orbit, or low earth orbit
- Ground Segment
- Telemetry, Tracking, and Control (TT&C): used to “fly” the satellite
- Gateway/Hub: used to manage communication payload
- User Terminals: devices used to connect to satellite network; can be receive-only or transmit; mobile or fixed; a dish, a laptop, or a handheld, depending on application, site, etc.
Learn about Satellites by Orbit
- Geosynchronous (GEO) satellite orbit (22,300 miles) rotates at the same speed as the earth’s rotation. Three satellites can cover most of the globe.
- Medium Earth orbit (MEO) satellites are closer to users on Earth but 10-18 are required for continuous coverage.
- Low earth orbit (LEO) satellites are closest to users (300-500 miles) but 40-70 satellites are required for full coverage.
Example of Operational Satellites By Orbit
- Of the 986 satellites on orbit, 37% are commercial communications satellites
- There are 480 LEO Satellites (49%), 405 GEO Satellites (41%), 65 MEO (7%) and 35 ELI or 4% (Elliptical Orbit)
Example of Operational Satellites By Function
- Commercial Communications 365 Satellites (37%), Civil Communications 108 Satellites (11%), Military Communications 84 Satellites (9%), Meteorological 44 Satellites (4%), Military Surveillance and other 89 Satellites (8%), Navigation 75 Satellites (8%), Remote Spacing 92 Satellites (9%), Space Science 59 Satellites (6%), other 50 (7%)
Other Related SATCOM Training Courses: VSAT Training
All of our SATCOM training courses are flexible and can be structured to meet the needs of your organization. Our courses do, however, follow a format that has proven results for participants. The structure includes an in-depth overview, hands-on activities and interactive learning.
Our courses, reading materials and topics are updated continuously to meet the latest advances in technology. Our SATCOM courses don’t follow the trends; we stay ahead of the curve so that your employees are prepared for these new changes.
Certifications We have both Tonex Certifications and Industry Certifications to demonstrate the training your company has received in the field. All certification courses are up-to-date and deliver immediate results.
Classes Designed by Experts We can only bring you the best if our satellite training courses are well-equipped with the right information and interactive learning. In order to meet this goal, our classes are designed by specialists in the field who are familiar with the industry and the evolving trends. Tonex has numerous classes that focus on telecom education and consulting services, global training, engineering, systems engineering and mobile applications. We are committed to excellence and always deliver the highest quality satellite communications training to our clients. With 20 years of experience, our SATCOM training courses have proven themselves over and over again. Contact our team today to learn more about signing up for one of our innovative classes.
SATCOM Training Courses